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2008 Istihdam Tesvik Programinin Etkilerinin Incelenmesi

Binnur Balkan (), Yusuf Baskaya () and Semih Tumen ()

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] Bu calisma, 2008 yilinda uygulamaya konan istihdam tesvik programinin hedef demografik gruplarin istihdam olasiliklari uzerinde etkili olup olmadigini Hanehalki Isgucu Anketi’nin 2004- 2011 donemini kapsayan mikro verilerini kullanarak analiz etmektedir. Programin, 18-29 yas grubundaki erkekler ile yastan bagimsiz bir bicimde tum kadinlardan olusan hedef grup ile tesvik kapsaminda olmayan 30 yas uzeri erkekler arasindaki istihdam orani farkini 1,4 yuzdelik puan azalttigi farklarin farki yontemi ile hesaplanmaktadir. Alt gruplar itibariyle, etkinin daha cok 30 yas uzerindeki kadinlar ile 30 yas uzeri erkeklerin istihdam oranindaki farkin 2,6 yuzdelik puan kapanmasindan kaynaklandigi gozlenmektedir. Isgucu piyasasina katilimi kisitli olan gruplara istihdam saglama amaci cercevesinde irdelendiginde soz konusu politikanin tatminkar sonuclar urettigi degerlendirilmektedir. [EN] Using micro-level data from the Household Labor Force Survey for the 2004-2011 period, this study evaluates whether the employment subsidies introduced in 2008 have an impact on the employment probabilities by demographic groups. Implementing the difference-in-differences method, we show that the employment gap between the target group, which consists of males of age 18-29 and all females, and males above 30 years old has narrowed by 1.4 percentage points. In terms of the subgroups, we observe that this aggregate effect mostly comes from the narrowing between the employment probabilities of females above 30 years old and males above 30 years old by 2.6 percentage points. When improving the employment prospects of the groups with low labor market participation is the concern, we think, in light of these results, that the subsidy program has produced satisfactory outcomes.

Date: 2013
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