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Akaryakit Fiyatlarinin Nakliye Maliyetleri Kanali ile Taze Meyve-Sebze Fiyatlari Uzerindeki Etkisinin Incelenmesi

Binnur Balkan (), Suleyman Kal and Semih Tumen ()

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] Bu calisma akaryakit fiyatlarinin taze meyve-sebze toptan fiyatlari uzerindeki etkilerini incelemektedir. Akaryakit fiyatlarinin diger ekonomik degiskenler ve soklar ile icsel hareket etme olasiligi, soz konusu etkilerin ekonometrik olarak tanimlanmasini zorlastirmaktadir. Bu sorunu ortadan kaldirmak icin, 22 Eylül 2012 tarihinde yürürlüge giren OTV yasasinin akaryakit fiyatlarinda meydana getirdigi dissal artistan faydalanilmistir. OTV yasasi ile birlikte, Turkiye’de taze meyve- sebze uretimi ile kamyonla tasinan meyve-sebzeye baglilik oranlarinda gozlemlenen bolgesel farkliliklar da ekonometrik analizde kullanilmistir. Sonuc olarak, akaryakit fiyatindaki artislarin nakliye maliyetleri kanali ile toptan taze meyve-sebze fiyatlari üzerinde artirici yonde etkisinin oldugu gosterilmistir. Soz konusu etkinin oldukca guclu, hatta bire birden fazla olabilecegi de ifade edilmistir. [EN] We ask whether fuel- price increases are transmitted to the wholesale prices of truck-transported fresh fruits and vegetables. Econometric identification of this pass-through effect can be problematic because fuel price increases might be correlated with other economic shocks that might also affect the prices of fresh produce. To deal with this identification problem, we use a fuel-tax reform from Turkey that leads to an exogenous upward shift in fuel prices. In designing our empirical strategy, we also exploit the geographical variation in Turkey in terms of the degree of reliance on locally produced versus truck-transported fresh fruits and vegetables. Using a difference-in-differences model, we find that the causal role of the transportation - cost channel is significant. Specifically, we document that fuel -price increases have a potential to lead to more-than-one-for-one increases in the wholesale prices of fresh produce

New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara and nep-cwa
Date: 2015
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