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Turkiye’de Genc Issizligi: Tespit ve Oneriler

Yusuf Emre Akgunduz (), Altan Aldan, Y.Kenan Bagir and Huzeyfe Torun ()

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] Genc ve dinamik bir nufusa sahip olan Turkiye’de surdurulebilir yuksek buyume oranlarina ulasmak icin genclerin dogru alanlarda istihdam edilmeleri onem arz etmektedir. Son yillarda Turkiye’de genclerin isgucune katilimi belirgin bir sekilde artmistir. Genclerin isgucune katilimindaki guclu artisin karsisinda yeterli istihdamin olusturulabilmesi icin genc isgucunun yapisindaki degisiklikler ve isgucu piyasasinin dinamikleri goz onunde bulundurulmalidir. Bu notta Turkiye’deki genc issizliginin kaynaklari arastirilmakta ve bu konuda politika onerileri sunulmaktadir. Genc nufusun beseri sermayesinin son yillarda onemli olcude gelistigi gozlenmektedir. Bu baglamda, kadinlarin ve yuksekogretim mezunlarinin genc isgucu ve genc issizler icindeki payi son yillarda ciddi miktarda yukselmistir. Genc isgucunun kompozisyonundaki bu degisikliklerin de etkisiyle, genc isgucunun egitim ve yetenekleri ile isgucu piyasasinin talepleri arasinda farkliliklar ortaya cikmistir. Arastirmanin sonunda, bu farkliliklarin azaltilmasina ve egitimden istihdama gecisin kolaylastirilmasina yonelik bazi politika onerilerine dikkat cekilmistir. [EN] The effective employment of youth is very important for reaching the goal of sustainable growth rates for Turkey which has a young and dynamic population. The youth labor force participation rate has significantly increased in recent years. Creating sufficient employment opportunities for the youth requires the knowledge of the changing composition of the youth labor force and the demands of the employers. This research investigates the sources of the youth unemployment in Turkey and provides policy suggestions. The human capital of the youth has changed dramatically in the recent years. The share of women and college-degree individuals in the youth labor force has increased substantially. As a result, there occurred mismatches between the education and skill set of youth labor force and the demands of the employers. At the end of this note, policy suggestions to the effect of reducing the discrepancy between the demand and supply side of the labor market and facilitating the school-to-work transition are briefly mentioned.

Date: 2017
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