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Turkiye’de Is Geciskenliginin Betimsel Bir Analizi

Yusuf Emre Akgunduz (), Altan Aldan, Yusuf Bağır () and Huzeyfe Torun ()

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] Bir ekonomide is geciskenliginin seviyesi ve niteligi kaynaklarin etkin dagilimini ve buyumeyi etkileyen faktorlerden biridir. Verimli isveren-isci eslesmesine olanak taniyan geciskenlik calisanlarin yeteneklerine uygun sektorlerde calismasinin ve ucret artislarinin en onemli mekanizmasidir. Firmalar arasindaki bu geciskenlik ayni zamanda istihdamin verimliligi dusuk firmalardan yuksek firmalara kaymasini saglayarak sektorel verimliligin artmasini saglamaktadir. Bu calismada, Girisimci Bilgi Sistemi (GBS) verileri kullanilarak Turkiye’deki is geciskenliginin betimsel bir analizi yapilmaktadir. Is geciskenliginin erken yaslarda ve erkeklerde daha yuksek oldugu saptanmistir. Ayrica is degistirenlerin yaridan fazlasinin daha buyuk, daha verimli ve karliligi daha yuksek firmalara gectigi gozlenmistir. Imalat ve ticaret-ulastirma sektorlerinde sektor ici hareketliligin yogun oldugu, madencilik, insaat, kamu yonetimi, egitim ve saglik sektorlerinden ise diger sektorlere yogun gecis oldugu bulunmustur. [EN] The level and the quality of job mobility is one of the main determinants of the efficient allocation of resources in an economy. Job swithces that enable efficient employer-employee match are the major mechanisms through which wage raises occur. Job switches across firms also ease the reallocation of employment from low productivity firms to high productivity ones. This study makes a descriptive analysis of job mobility in Turkey using the Entrepreneur Information System data. We find that job mobility is higher at early ages and among men. We also find that the majority of job movers switch to larger, more productive and more profitable firms. Job mobility is intensive within the manufacturing and transportation sectors whereas employees in mining, construction, public administration, education and health industries are more likely to switch to jobs in other industries.

Date: 2018
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