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Turkiye Ihracatinin Urun ve Ulke Bazinda Yogunlasma Analizi

Ece Oral Cevirmez

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] Ihracat yogunlasmasi, bir ulkenin mevcut durumda ihrac ettigi urunlerdeki veya ihracat yaptigi ulkelerdeki yogunlasma derecesini ifade etmektedir. Bir baska deyisle, bir ulkenin ihracatinin sinirli sayida sektore/ulkeye bagli olmasi seklinde tanimlanmaktadir. Bu calismada, ihracatta sektorel ve bolgesel yogunlasmanin ortaya konmasi amaclanmaktadir. Bu baglamda, TUIK tarafindan Harmonize Sisteme (6 basamakli) gore derlenen dis ticaret verilerinden yararlanilmistir. Hem urun hem ulke bazinda yogunlasma oranlari hesaplanmistir. Bulgular, urun yogunlasmasinin belli donemlerde arttigini, ulke yogunlasmasinin ise zaman icerisinde azaldigini gostermektedir.[EN] Export concentration refers to the degree of concentration in the products currently exported by a country or in the countries to which it exports. In other words, it is defined as a dependency of a country's exports on a limited number of sectors/countries. In this study, it is aimed to reveal sectoral and regional concentration in Turkeys' exports. In this context, foreign trade data compiled by TURKSTAT according to Harmonized System (6 digits) were used. Concentration rates were calculated based on product and partner countries. The findings indicate that product concentration increased in certain periods, while country concentration has decreased over time.

Date: 2019
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