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Turk Firmalari Arasinda Ihracat Rekabeti

Huzeyfe Torun () and Yusuf Bağır

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] Bu calismada, Turk firmalari arasindaki ihracat rekabeti, 2006-2016 donemine ait firma, urun ve ulke seviyesindeki mikro veriler kullanilarak analiz edilmektedir. Ihracatin duragan seyrettigi 2011-2016 arasi donemde ihracatci firma sayisi artarken firma basina ihracat azalmistir. Bu donemde firma basina ihracatin ve pazar basina ihracatin ozellikle Avrupa disindaki ulkelerde azaldigi, buna karsin bu ulkelerde urun-ulke grubu olarak tanimlanan pazar sayisinin belirgin bir sekilde yukseldigi saptanmistir. Bu bulgularla uyumlu olarak, urun ve ulke kiriliminda hesaplanan rekabetcilik endeksleri Turk firmalari arasi rekabet artisinin Avrupa pazarinda sinirli, Avrupa disi pazarlarda ise yuksek oldugunu gostermektedir. Ulke bazinda yapilan regresyon analizleri de Turk firmalari arasi rekabetin dusuk gelir grubu ulkelerde yaygin oldugunu teyit etmekte ve bunun da pazara girebilmenin gorece kolay olmasindan kaynaklandigini gostermektedir. [EN] This study examines the export competition among Turkish firms using firm-product level export data for the period 2006-2016. The number of exporters increased while exports per firm decreased during the period of 2011-2016, in which the total export was stagnant. According to the market concentration indices (HHI) calculated at product and country breakdown, the increase in competition among Turkish firms is limited in the European market but higher in non-European markets. Regression analyses conducted at country-product level confirm that the competition among Turkish firms increased in low-income countries and this is due to the relatively easy access to the market.

Date: 2020
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Handle: RePEc:tcb:econot:2003