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Dana Eti ve Sut Sektorlerinde Tedarik Zinciri ve Karlilik Analizi

Yusuf Emre Akgunduz, Seyit Cilasun () and Elif Ozcan Tok

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] Tarim ve gida sektoru Turkiye ekonomisinde onemli yer tutmakta, ozellikle enflasyon uzerinde belirleyici rol oynamaktadir. Ancak, tedarik zincirinin uzunlugu, karmasikligi ve rekabet eksiklikleri gibi yapisal konular uretici ile tuketici fiyatlari arasinda buyuk farka neden olmaktadir. Bu notta, dana eti ve sut sektorlerinde tedarik zincirinin yapisi ortaya konulmus ve ureticilerin karliliklari analiz edilmistir. Dogrudan nihai tuketiciye urun ulastirabilen uretici oraninin az oldugu gorulmustur. Dana eti ve sut sektorunde, sadece perakende isletmeler ile konaklama ve yiyecek faaliyetlerinde bulunan isletmelere satis yapan ureticilerin, perakende firmalara hic satis yapmayan ureticilere kiyasla sirasiyla yuzde 30 ve yuzde 27 daha yuksek karliliga sahip oldugu bulgusuna ulasilmistir. [EN] Agriculture is a key component of the Turkish economy and food prices play a significant role in inflation. Inefficiencies, complexities and the lack of competition in the agriculture sector and its supply chains lead to large differences between producer and consumer prices. This note studies the supply chains of veal and milk sectors in Turkey and analyses the profitability of producers. We find that only a minority of producers sell their products directly to end-consumers sectors. We further document that in veal and milk sectors producers that sell to retailers and accommodation and food services sectors rather than wholesale traders have 30% and 27% higher profitability, respectively.

Date: 2020
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