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Sebze ve Meyvede Tarladan Tuketiciye Fiyat Farkini Belirleyen Faktorler

Okan Eren, Suleyman Hilmi Kal and Utku Ozmen

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] Ozellikle gida enflasyonunun yuksek oldugu donemlerde,meyve ve sebzelerin uretici fiyatlari ile nihai tuketici fiyatlari arasindaki fark gundeme gelmekte ve bu konu ile ilgili tartismalar artmaktadir. Bu calismada, TUIK gida sepetinde yer alan 15 meyve ve 13 sebze urunu icin ciftcinin eline gecen fiyat (tarla fiyati) ile tuketici fiyatlari arasindaki oransal farka etki eden faktorler, 2004-2016 yillari icin panel veri analiz teknikleri kullanilarak incelenmistir. Sonuclar, ithalatin uretime oraninin fiyat marjini hem meyve hem de sebzelerde etkilerken ihracatin uretime oraninin ise sadece meyve fiyat marjinda etkili olduguna isaret etmektedir. Ayrica doviz kuru ve maliyete iliskin faktorlerin de fiyat marjini donemsel olarak etkiledigi bulgulanmaktadir. [EN] Especially during the periods of high food inflation, the topic of profit margin between farm gate and final consumer prices of fruits and vegetables has been coming up to public agenda and debate on this topic has been growing. In this paper, the factors that affect the producer (farm gate) and consumer price ratios of 15 fruit and 13 vegetable items, which are included in the CPI food basket, are investigated for the period between 2004 and 2016 using panel data method. The results indicate ratio of quantity of imports to total output affect profit margin in both vegetables and fruits, while ratio of quantity of exports to total output only affects the spread in fruits. In addition to this, exchange rate and other cost factors affect profit margin periodically.

Date: 2020
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