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Turizmin Buyume ve Istihdam Uzerindeki Etkileri

Aysu Celgin, Mert Gokcu, Selcuk Gul and Abdullah Kazdal

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] Bu calismada, turizmin ekonomideki yeri betimsel olarak sunulduktan sonra buyume ve istihdam uzerindeki etkileri farkli yöntemlerle ele alinmaktadir. Zaman serisi yöntemleri ve girdi-cikti analizinden elde edilen bulgular, yuzde 10 duzeyindeki turizm sokunun GSYİH buyumesi uzerindeki etkisinin yaklasik 1 yuzde puan olduguna isaret etmektedir. Turizmin GSYİH icindeki payi göz önune alindiginda, iktisadi faaliyet uzerindeki dolayli etkilerinin en az dogrudan etkileri kadar önemli oldugu sonucu ortaya cikmaktadir. Ayrica, turizm gelismelerinin dogrudan baglantili sektörlerde daha kuvvetli olmak uzere isgucu piyasasi uzerindeki etkilerinin de belirgin oldugu gözlenmektedir. [EN] This study examines the effects of tourism developments on growth and employment with different methods after presenting the place of tourismin the economy. Findings from time series methods and input-output analysis indicate that the effect of a 10 percent tourism shock on GDPgrowthis around 1 percentage point. Giventhe share oftourism in GDP,it is concluded thattheindirect effects of a tourism shock on economic activity are as important as its direct effects. Besides, it is observed that the impact of tourism developments on the labourmarket, especially on the sectors directly linked to tourism, issignificant.

Date: 2021
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