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Turkiye’de Vadeli Dis Ticaret Kaynakli Ihracat Alacaklari ve Ithalat Borclarindan Olusan Ticari Krediler: Veri Derleme Yontemindeki Degisiklige Iliskin Teknik Bir Degerlendirme

Serdar Erkilic, Hakan Husnu Toprak, Eda Altuntas Dursun and Yahya Kocakale

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] Bu calismada, vadeli dis ticaret kaynakli ihracat alacaklari ve ithalat borclarindan olusan ticari kredi verilerinin kalitesinin artirilmasi amaciyla Turkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankasi tarafindan kullanilan veri derleme yonteminin firma duzeyinde dogrudan raporlama sistemi ile degistirilmesi sureci ele alinmakta, orneklem seciminde kullanilan yontem ve zaman serilerinin uretilmesine dair ayrintilar paylasilmaktadir. Derlenen yeni veriler, ihracat alacaklarini yukari yonlu, ithalat borclarini ise asagi yonlu etkilemistir. Resmi istatistik uretimindeonemi giderek artan mikro veri kullanimi ve dogrudan raporlama yontemi ile elde edilen veriler sonucu,Turkiye’nin ithalat borclarinin toplam ithalata orani gelismis ve gelismekte olan ulkelerin ortalama ve medyan degerlerine yakinsamistir. Notta ayrica,uluslararasi metodolojiye uyum kapsaminda menkul kiymetlerin sahiplik taniminda ve kisa vadeli dis borclardaki yurt disi yerlesiklerin mevduatlarinin vade ayriminda yapilan degisikliklere iliskin de bilgi verilmekte, soz konusucalismalarin;Kisa Vadeli Dis Borc, Uluslararasi Yatirim Pozisyonu, Finansal Kesim Disindaki Firmalarin Doviz Varlik ve Yukumlulukleri, Turkiye Brut Dis Borc Stokuve odemeler Dengesi istatistiklerine etkileri ozetlenmektedir. [EN] This study discusses the process of replacing the previousdata collection method used by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey with direct reporting method at companylevel to improvethe quality of trade credit and advances data due toexports, and imports, and shares the details of the method used in sample selection and production of time series. The newly compiled data have affected export receivablesupwards and import payables downwards. Due to use of direct reporting and micro data that has increasingly becomeimportant in the compilation of official statistics, the ratio of Turkey's import payables to total imports converges to the average and median ratios of developed and emergingcountries. The note also provides information on the methodological change regarding the ownership of debt securities within the scope of compliance withinternational methodology and maturity breakdown of non-residents'deposits in Short -Term External Debtwhile summarizing the effect of these aforementioned studies on the Short-Term External Debt, the International Investment Position, the Foreign Exchange Assets and Liabilities of Non-Financial Companies, the Gross External Debt Stock of Turkey and the Balance of Payments Statistics

Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara and nep-isf
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