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Ihracatin Ithal Girdi Icerigi ve Ekonomik Performans: Panel Veri Analizi

Cihan Yalçin
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Cihan YALCIN

CBT Research Notes in Economics from Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Abstract: [TR] 1990’li yillarda baslayan ve 2000’li yillarda kuresel olcekte giderek yogunlasan dikey butunlesme sureci, bir yandan uretimde ithal girdi kullanimini artirirken, diger taraftan da ulkelere farkli cesitlilikte urun ve teknolojileri uyarlama imkâni vermistir. Bu notta 1995-2018 donemi verileri kullanilarak bu gelismenin ulkelerin ihracat payi ve ihracat kaynakli istihdamin payi ile iliskisi ekonometrik olarak test edilmistir. Elde edilen bulgular, ihracata yonelik uretim faaliyetlerinde ithal girdi kullanimindaki artisin soz konusu degiskenlerle istatistiki olarak anlamli ve pozitif yonde iliskili oldugunu ortaya koymaktadir. İhracatin milli gelirdeki payi ile ihracatin ithal girdi icerigi payi arasindaki iliskinin gelismis ulkeler icin daha guclu oldugu tahmin edilmistir. ote yandan, reel doviz kuru ile ihracat payi ve ihracatin istihdam payi arasinda istatiksel olarak anlamli negatif bir iliski oldugu tespit edilmistir. Bulgular, bu degiskenlerin reel doviz kuru ile iliskilerinin gelismis ulkeler icin daha guclu oranda negatif oldugunu gostermektedir. [EN] The vertical integration process, which started in the 1990s and intensified on a global scale in the 2000s, increased the use of imported inputs in production and also gave countries the opportunity to adapt a variety of products and technologies. In this note, using data for the period 1995-2018, the relationship of this development with the export share of countries and the share of export-related employment is tested econometrically. The findings reveal that the increase in the use of imported inputs in exportoriented production activities is statistically significant and positively related to the variables in question. It is estimated that the relationship between the export share and the imported input content is stronger for developed countries. On the other hand, it is found that the real exchange rate has a statistically significant negative relationship with the export share and the employment share of exports. Findings reveal that the relationship of these variables with reel exchange rate is more strongly negative for developed countries.

Date: 2024
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