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How Much Should We Trust Regression Discontinuity Design Estimates? Evidence from Experimental Benchmarks of the Incumbency Advantage

Leandro De Magalhaes (), Dominik Hangartner (), Salomo Hirvonen (), Jaakko Meriläinen () and Nelson A. Ruiz ()
Additional contact information
Leandro De Magalhaes: University of Bristol
Dominik Hangartner: London School of Economics and Political Science
Salomo Hirvonen: University of Bristol
Jaakko Meriläinen: ITAM
Nelson A. Ruiz: University of Oxford

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Jaakko Meriläinen ()

No 135, Discussion Papers from Aboa Centre for Economics

Abstract: Regression discontinuity designs (RDD) are widely used in the social sciences to estimate causal effects from observational data. Scholars can choose from a range of methods that implement different RDD estimators, but there is a paucity of research on the performance of these different estimators in recovering experimental benchmarks. Leveraging exact ties in local elections in Colombia and Finland, which are resolved by random coin toss, we find that RDD estimation using bias-correction and robust inference (CCT) performs better in replicating experimental estimates of the individual incumbency advantage than local linear regression with conventional inference (LLR). We assess the generalizability of our results by estimating incumbency effects across different subsamples, and in other countries. We find that CCT consistently comes closer to the experimental benchmark, produces smaller estimates than LLR, and that incumbency effects are highly heterogeneous, both in magnitude and sign, across countries with similar open-list PR systems.

Keywords: Close elections; personal incumbency advantage; regression discontinuity design (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 C52 D72 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37
Date: 2020-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm
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