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Month-of-Birth Effects on Skills and Skill Formation

Shintaro Yamaguchi, Hirotake Ito and Makiko Nakamuro
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Shintaro Yamaguchi: Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo
Hirotake Ito: Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University
Makiko Nakamuro: Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University

No CIRJE-F-1153, CIRJE F-Series from CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo

Abstract: We estimate month-of-birth effects on cognitive and noncognitive skills, as well as factors relevant to skill formation. Our estimates indicate that younger students in a given grade cohort have lower cognitive and noncognitive skills. To shed light on the underlying mechanisms, we also examine children's time use and interpersonal relationships. We find evidence of compensatory investment in cognitive skills by younger children, however, they are also more likely to have poor-quality relationships with their classmates and teachers, which may harm the long-term development of noncognitive skills. Our findings on skill formation have implications for efficiency and equity.

Pages: 63pages
Date: 2020-07
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