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Volumes of Evidence - Examining Technical Change Last Century Through a New Lens

Michelle Alexopoulos and Jon Cohen

Working Papers from University of Toronto, Department of Economics

Abstract: Although technical change is central in much of modern economics, traditional measures of it are, for a number of reasons, flawed. We discuss in this paper new indicators based on data drawn from the MARC records of the Library of Congress on the number of new technology titles in various fields published in the United States over the course of the last century. These indicators, we argue, overcome many of the shortcomings associated with patents, research and development expenditures, innovation counts, and productivity figures. We find, among other things, the following: the pattern and nature of technical change described by our indicators is, on the whole, consistent with that of other measures; they represent innovation not diffusion; a strong causal relationship between our indicators and changes in TFP and output per capita; innovations in some sub-groups have had a greater impact on output and productivity than others and, moreover, the key players have changed over time. Our indicators can be used to shed light on number of important issues including the empirical relationship between technology shocks and employment, the role of technology in cross-country productivity differences, and the part played by technological change in growing skills premia in the U.S. during the last few decades.

Keywords: Business Cycles; Technical change; productivity; measurement (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E3 O3 O4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 56 pages
Date: 2010-01-26
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff, nep-his, nep-ino and nep-mac
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2)

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Related works:
Journal Article: Volumes of evidence: examining technical change in the last century through a new lens (2011) Downloads
Journal Article: Volumes of evidence: examining technical change in the last century through a new lens (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Volumes of Evidence: Examining Technical Change Last Century Through a New Lens (2009)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:tor:tecipa:tecipa-392

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