Military Training Exercises, Pollution, and their Consequences for Health
Mark Stabile and
Working Papers from University of Toronto, Department of Economics
Militaries around the world perform training exercises in preparation for war. We study the relationship between in utero exposure to military exercises (bombing) and early-life health outcomes, combining data on naval bombing exercises in Vieques, Puerto Rico, and the universe of births from 1990-2003. Using a differences-in-differences design, we find that the sudden end of bombing practices is associated with a 56-79 percent decrease in the incidence of congenital anomalies and an overall improvement in a neonatal health outcomes index of 0.07Ïƒ. The evidence is generally consistent with the channel of environmental pollution; increases in arsenic levels in waters surrounding the live impact area.
Keywords: Infant health; military activity; environmental pollution; maternal stress (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I15 I14 O1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env and nep-hea
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