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Land Security and Mobility Frictions

Tasso Adamopoulos, Loren Brandt (), Chaoran Chen, Diego Restuccia () and Xiaoyun Wei

Working Papers from University of Toronto, Department of Economics

Abstract: Developing countries are characterized by frictions that impede the mobility of workers across occupations and space. We disentangle the role of insecure property rights from other labor mobility frictions for the reallocation of labor from agriculture to non-agriculture and from rural to urban areas. We combine rich household and individual-level panel data from China and an equilibrium quantitative framework that features the sorting of workers across locations and occupations. We explicitly model the farming household and the endogenous decisions of who operates the family farm and who potentially migrates, capturing an additional channel of selection within the household. We find that land insecurity has substantial negative effects on agricultural productivity and structural change, raising the share of households operating farms by almost 30 percentage points and depressing agricultural productivity by more than 10 percent. Quantitatively, land insecurity is as important as all other labor mobility frictions. We measure a sharp reduction in overall labor mobility barriers over 2004-2018 in the Chinese economy, all of which can be accounted for by improved land security, consistent with reforms covering rural land in China during the period.

Keywords: land; labor mobility; agriculture; misallocation; household; productivity; China. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E02 O11 O14 O4 Q1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: Unknown pages
Date: 2022-01-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-mac, nep-mig and nep-tra
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