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Annuity Markets and Capital Accumulation

Shantanu Bagchi () and James Feigenbaum ()

No 2018-02, Working Papers from Towson University, Department of Economics

Abstract: We examine how the absence of annuities in financial markets affects capital accumulation in a two-period overlapping generations model. Our findings indicate that the effect on capital is ambiguous in general equilibrium, because there are two competing mechanisms at work. On the one hand, the absence of annuities increases the price of old-age consumption relative to the price of early-life consumption. This induces a substitution effect that reduces saving and capital, and an income effect that has the opposite effect as households want to consume less when young, causing them to save more. On the other hand, accidental bequests originate from the assets of the deceased under missing annuity markets. The bequest received in early life always has a positive income effect on saving, but the bequest received in old age, conditional on survival, is effectively a partial annuity with both substitution and income effects. We find that when the desire to smooth consumption is high, the income effects dominate, so the capital stock always increases when annuity markets are missing. However, when the desire to smooth consumption is low, the substitution effects dominate, and the capital stock decreases with missing annuity markets.

Keywords: Mortality risk; frictionless annuities; accidental bequests; savings; capital stock. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D15 D52 E21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 10 pages
Date: 2018-04, Revised 2018-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-fdg and nep-mac
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http://webapps.towson.edu/cbe/economics/workingpapers/2018-02.pdf First version, 2018 (application/pdf)

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Journal Article: Annuity Markets and Capital Accumulation (2020) Downloads
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