Mothersâ€™ and childrenâ€™s employment in Europe. A comparative analysis
Gabriella Berloffa (),
Alina SÌ§andor and
Paola Villa ()
No 2019/14, DEM Working Papers from Department of Economics and Management
This paper presents a comparative analysis using EU-SILC data of the correlation between mothersâ€™ employment during adolescence and their childrenâ€™s probability of being workless (i.e. either unemployed or inactive) at about 30 years of age in 19 European countries. By estimating various multilevel logit models, the paper shows that, on average, having had a working mother is associated with a reduction in the probability of being workless of about 25 to 35 percent for daughters and 20 to 25 percent for sons. Cross-country differences in these correlations are much larger for daughters than for sons, in particular for daughters with children, and do not reflect the usual country groupings. Our results suggest that mothersâ€™ employment not only influences preferences for labor market participation, but also some attitudes or skills that favor their childrenâ€™s successful integration into the labor market. Moreover, the observed correlation between mothersâ€™ employment and their daughtersâ€™ labor market outcomes is lower in contexts where the burden of childcare falls more on women, highlighting that the presence of constraints on womenâ€™s choices may conceal mothersâ€™ influence on daughtersâ€™ preferences.
Keywords: young adultsâ€™ worklessness; mothersâ€™ employment; intergenerational correlation; gender norms; Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J62 D19 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-lab
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:trn:utwprg:2019/14
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