Estimation of Tail Risk based on Extreme Expectiles
Abdelaati Daouia (),
Stéphane Girard and
No 15-566, TSE Working Papers from Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)
We use tail expectiles to estimate alternative measures to the Value at Risk (VaR), Expected Shortfall (ES) and Marginal Expected Shortfall (MES), three instruments of risk protection of utmost importance in actuarial science and statistical finance. The concept of expectiles is a least squares analogue of quantiles. Both expectiles and quantiles were embedded in the more general class of M-quantiles as the minimizers of an asymmetric convex loss function. It has been proved very recently that the only M-quantiles that are coherent risk measures are the expectiles. Moreover, expectiles define the only coherent risk measure that is also elicit able. The elicit ability corresponds to the existence of a natural backtesting methodology. The estimation of expectiles did not, however, receive yet any attention from the perspective of extreme values. The first estimation method that we propose enables the usage of advanced high quantile and tail index estimators. The second method joins together the least asymmetrically weighted squares estimation with the tail restrictions of extreme-value theory. A main tool is to first estimate the large expectile-based VaR, ES and MES when they are covered by the range of the data, and then extrapolate these estimates to the very far tails. We establish the limit distributions of the proposed estimators when they are located in the range of the data or near and even beyond the maximum observed loss. We show through a detailed simulation study the good performance of the procedures, and also present concrete applications to medical insurance data and three large US investment banks.
Keywords: Asymmetric squared loss; Coherent Value-at-Risk; Expected shortfall; Expectiles; Extrapolation; Extreme value theory; Heavy tails (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015-04, Revised 2017-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm and nep-rmg
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://www.tse-fr.eu/sites/default/files/TSE/docu ... /wp_tse_566_2017.pdf Full text (application/pdf)
http://www.tse-fr.eu/sites/default/files/TSE/docum ... ppendix_566_2017.zip Appendice
Journal Article: Estimation of tail risk based on extreme expectiles (2018)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:tse:wpaper:29257
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in TSE Working Papers from Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().