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Merchant Guilds, Taxation and Social Capital

Roberta Dessi and Salvatore Piccolo ()

No 15-581, TSE Working Papers from Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)

Abstract: We develop a theory of the emergence of merchant guilds as an efficient mechanism to foster cooperation between merchants and rulers, building on the complementarity between merchant guilds’ ability to enforce monopoly over trade and their social capital. Unlike existing models, we focus on local merchant guilds, rather than alien guilds, accounting for the main observed features of their behavior, internal organization and relationship with rulers. Our model delivers novel predictions about the emergence, variation, functioning, and eventual decline of this highly successful historical form of network. Our theory reconciles previous explanations and the large body of historical evidence on medieval merchant guilds. In doing so, we also shed novel light on the role of the guilds’ social capital, and its importance for taxation, welfare, and the development of towns and their government in medieval Europe.

Keywords: Merchant guild; Social capital; collusion; Political economy; Trade; Taxation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L20 L43 N7 N8 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his and nep-soc
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Journal Article: Merchant guilds, taxation and social capital (2016) Downloads
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