Insiders, Outsiders, and Involuntary Unemployment: Sexual Harrassment Exacerbates Gender Inequality
Daniel Chen and
No 16-687, TSE Working Papers from Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)
Sexual harassment is perceived to be a major impediment to female labor force participation. We use the random assignment of U.S. federal judges setting geographically-local precedent, and the fact that judges’ biographies predict decisions in sexual harassment cases, to document the causal impact of forbidding sexual harassment. Consistent with an insider-outsider theory of involuntary unemployment, but in contrast to a mandated benefits theory of employment protections, pro-plaintiff sexual harassment precedent spurred the adoption of sexual harassment human resources policies, encouraged entry of outsiders, and reduced gender inequality in labor supply and wages among the population. These effects were comparable to the effects of the Equal Employment Opportunity Act and greatest in the construction industry, which was heavily affected by sexual harassment litigation.
Keywords: Gender discrimination; microaggression; trauma; safe spaces; prejudice (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J31 J71 J81 J83 K31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab and nep-law
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Working Paper: Insiders, Outsiders, and Involuntary Unemployment: Sexual Harrassment Exacerbates Gender Inequality (2016)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:tse:wpaper:30653
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