EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

On the Effect of Parallel Trade on Manufacturers’ and Retailers’ Profits in the Pharmaceutical Sector

Pierre Dubois () and Morten Sæthre

No 18-883, TSE Working Papers from Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)

Abstract: Differences in regulated pharmaceutical prices within the European Economic Area create arbitrage opportunities that pharmacy retailers can access through parallel imports. For prescription drugs under patent, parallel trade affects the sharing of profits among an innovating pharmaceutical company, retailers, and parallel traders. We develop a structural model of demand and supply in which retailers can choose the set of goods to sell, thus foreclosing consumers’ access to less profitable drugs. This allows retailers to bargain and obtain lower wholesale prices from the manufacturer and parallel trader. With detailed transaction data from Norway, we identify a demand model with unobserved choice sets using retailside conditions for optimal assortment decisions of pharmacies. We find that retailer incentives play a significant role in fostering parallel trade penetration and that banning parallel imports would benefit manufacturers as well as prevent pharmacies from foreclosing the manufacturer’s product. Finally, in the case of the statin market in Norway, we show that it would be possible to decrease spending and increase profits of the original manufacturer through lump sum transfers associated with a lower reimbursement price, thus decreasing price differentiation across countries

Keywords: Parallel trade; pharmaceuticals; vertical contracts; demand estimation; foreclosure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I11 L22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-com
Date: 2018-01, Revised 2019-07
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.tse-fr.eu/sites/default/files/TSE/docu ... /2018/wp_tse_883.pdf Full text (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: On the Effect of Parallel Trade on Manufacturers' and Retailers' Profits in the Pharmaceutical Sector (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: On the Effect of Parallel Trade on Manufacturers’ and Retailers’ Profits in the Pharmaceutical Sector (2017) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:tse:wpaper:32393

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in TSE Working Papers from Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-10-12
Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:32393