The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Mexico, 1989-2010
Gerardo Esquivel () and
Nora Lustig ()
No 1201, Working Papers from Tulane University, Department of Economics
Inequality in Mexico rose between 1989 and 1994 and declined between 1994 and 2010. We examine the role of market forces (demand and supply of labour by skill), institutional factors (minimum wages and unionization rate), and public policy (cash transfers) in explaining changes in inequality. We apply the "re-centered influence function" method to decompose changes in hourly wages into characteristics and returns. The main driver is changes in returns. Returns rose (1989-1994) due to institutional factors and labour demand. Returns declined (1994-2006) due to changes in supply and-to a lesser extent-in demand; institutional factors were not relevant. Government transfers contributed to the decline in inequality, especially after 2000.
Keywords: inequality; wages; disposable income; labour markets; Mexico (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 J20 J31 O54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-lab, nep-ltv and nep-pbe
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http://repec.tulane.edu/RePEc/pdf/tul1201.pdf First Version, 2012 (application/pdf)
Working Paper: The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Mexico: 1989-2010 (2012)
Working Paper: The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Mexico, 1989–2010 (2012)
Working Paper: The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Mexico, 1989-2010 (2012)
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