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The impact of taxes and social spending on inequality and poverty in El Salvador

Margarita Beneke (), Nora Lustig and Jose Andres Oliva ()
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Margarita Beneke: FUSADES, El Salvador
Jose Andres Oliva: FUSADES, El Salvador

No 1709, Working Papers from Tulane University, Department of Economics

Abstract: We conducted a fiscal impact study to estimate the effect of taxes, social spending, and subsidies on inequality and poverty in El Salvador, using the CEQ methodology. Taxes are progressive, but given their volume, their impact is limited. Direct transfers are concentrated on poor households, but their budget is small so their effect is limited; a significant portion of the subsidies goes to households in the upper income deciles, so although their budget is greater, their impact is low. The component that has the greatest effect on inequality is spending on education and health. Therefore, the impact of fiscal policy is limited and low when compared with other countries with a similar level of per capita income. There is room for improvement using current resources.

Keywords: fiscal incidence; poverty; inequality; El Salvador (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 H22 I14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lam and nep-pub
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Downloads: (external link) First Version, August 2017 (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in El Salvador (2016) Downloads
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