The Demography of Enterprises and Employment in the European Union Countries
Jean Bonnet () and
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Rafik Abdesselam: Université de Lyon, Lumière Lyon 2, COACTIS, France
Patricia Renou-Maissant: Normandie University, UNICAEN, CREM UMR CNRS 6211, France
Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) from Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS
The aim of this contribution is to establish a typology of European entrepreneurship countries with respect to variables related to entrepreneurial activity and economic development. Using a combined use of multidimensional data analyses allows to extend the concept of “entrepreneurial regimes” proposed by Audretsch and Fritsch (2002) and leads to distinguish five entrepreneurial regimes. Moreover, in order to better characterize classes, a wide set of illustrative variables representative of national economic development, labour market functioning, formal and unformal institutional environment as well as variables specific to the entrepreneurial population are considered. Finally, discriminant analyzes show that the five explanatory themes that are considered (Innovation, Employment, Formal Institutions, Entrepreneurship and Governance) differentiate the classes and significantly explain the diversity of entrepreneurial regimes. These findings have important implications for the implementation of public policy in order to promote entrepreneurial activity and reduce unemployment.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Cluster analysis; Discriminant analysis; Entrepreneurial regimes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L26 C38 O1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-ent, nep-eur and nep-sbm
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