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Cost and Cost-Effectiveness of a Pre-Primary School Program in Kenya

Hermann Donfouet (), Moses Ngware, Njora Hungi and Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo
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Moses Ngware: African Population Health Research Centre, Nairobi, Kenya
Njora Hungi: African Population Health Research Centre, Nairobi, Kenya
Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo: African Population Health Research Centre, Nairobi, Kenya

Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) from Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS

Abstract: We analyze the cost and cost-effectiveness of an early childhood development and education (ECDE) program in Kenya which aimed at preparing pre-primary children for primary school. A cluster randomized controlled trial design was used. Enrolled schools were provided with three different treatment packages that aimed at improving the instructional quality of ECDE centres complemented with a health component. We find that for every additional US$ 1 spent on the second treatment package, the intervention yields 0.16 extra percentage points in public ECDE centres over two years of participation. This translates to a cost of US$ 14.83 per child. Similarly, in private ECDE centres, results suggest that the yield of extra learning score per US$ 1 spent on the second treatment package is 0.36 percentage points, which translates to a cost of US$ 17.01 per child. Our findings indicate that combining the training of teachers, supervision staff, teacher support, books and teachers’ guides may be cost-effective. Hence, this pre-primary program could be scaled-up in different counties of Kenya.

Keywords: Theory of fundamental causes; tobacco consumption; socioeconomic inequalities; concentration index (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C2 D L66 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-exp and nep-ure
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