Sustainable development. A Comparative Analysis of the Performance of French departments
Jean Bonnet (),
Eva Coll-Martínez () and
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Patricia Renou-Maissant: EconomiX, CNRS, University of Paris Nanterre, France
Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) from Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS
The paper proposes an evaluation framework for empirically comparing the performance of French departments in terms of sustainable development. The concept of sustainability is apprehended from six dimensions: environment and natural resources, energy transition, sustainable mobility, economic dynamism, social cohesion and solidarity, and governance and citizenship. The focus on French departments allows for a more detailed analysis that promotes a better understanding of local characteristics and initiatives. Considering a wide range of variables, we build aggregate composite indexes for each dimension of sustainable development. We use cartographical support to compare the performances of the departments in each of the six dimensions as well as spatial autocorrelation techniques to account for spatial dependence. Finally, a cluster analysis is used to classify French departments and to explore similarities and dissimilarities with respect to the six components of the sustainable development. The results highlight significant disparities between departments regardless of the dimension considered. Five profiles of sustainable development are distinguished. Finally, the findings make it possible to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the departments in the implementation of sustainable development.
Keywords: Sustainable development; French Departments; composite index; multidimensional data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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