Electoral politics and the diffusion of primary schooling: evidence from Uruguay, 1914-1954
Paola Azar Dufrechou ()
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Paola Azar Dufrechou: Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona; Institute of Economics, Universidad de la República-Uruguay
Working Papers from Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona
Based on the compilation of Uruguayan department-level data, this paper argues that the extent of fiscal commitment to primary education during the first half of the 20th century can be explained by the interests of tactically motivated politicians. The empirical test relies on panel data fixed effects models covering 18 Uruguayan departments over 40 years. The main findings reveal that political motivations have had a significant role in schooling provision across the territory. Throughout the period, the incumbent government seems to have used the resource allocation in primary education both to reward its core supporters and to persuade political opponents.
Keywords: primary education; pork-barrel; economic history (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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