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Income Inequality among Children in Europe 2008–2013

Emilia Toczydlowska, Yekaterina Chzhen, Zlata Bruckauf, Sudhanshu Handa and Innocenti Research Centre Unicef

Innocenti Working Papers

Abstract: With income inequality increasing and children exposed to higher risks of poverty and material deprivation than the population as a whole in the majority of European countries, there is a concern that income inequality among children has worsened over the financial crisis. This paper presents results on the levels of bottom-end inequality in children’s incomes in 31 European countries in 2013 and traces the evolution of this measure since 2008. The relative income gap worsened in 20 of the 31 European countries between 2008 and 2013. Social transfers play a positive role in reducing income differentials, as post-transfer income gaps are smaller than those before transfers, especially in countries like Ireland and the United Kingdom. Countries with greater bottom-end income inequality among children have lower levels of child well-being, and higher levels of child poverty and material deprivation.

Keywords: child poverty; child well-being; income distribution; income groups (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 40
Date: 2016
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-hap and nep-pke
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