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Motivation, expectations and the gender pay gap for UK graduates

Arnaud Chevalier

No 200403, Working Papers from School of Economics, University College Dublin

Abstract: Focussing on recent UK graduates, a wage gap of 12% is found. The unexplained component of the gap is small and a large fraction of the gap can be explained by subject choice, job characteristics, motivation and expectation variables. Motivation and expectations account for 44% of the explained gap, thus most studies over-estimate the unexplained component of the gender wage gap. Following stereotypes, women tend to be more altruistic and less career oriented than men, character traits that are less rewarded by employers. The principal component of the gender wage gap is expectations about childrearing. These conservative attitudes affect women’s wages even at an early stage of their career. Without a change in attitude, the gender wage gap is likely to remain.

Keywords: Gender wage gap; Attitude; Wages--College graduates--Great Britain; Wages--Sex differences--Great Britain; Wage differentials--Great Britain; Sex discrimination in employment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J70 J29 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004-02
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http://hdl.handle.net/10197/1310 First version, 2004 (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: Motivation, Expectations and the Gender Pay Gap for UK Graduates (2004) Downloads
Working Paper: Motivation, expectations and the gender pay gap for UK graduates (2003) Downloads
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