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On the Firms’ Decision to Hire Academic Scientists

Catalina Martínez () and Sarah Parlane

No 201801, Working Papers from School of Economics, University College Dublin

Abstract: This paper provides a theoretical rationale for private investment in basic research. It explains the decision by some firms to hire scientists who have an intrinsic motivation to pursue academic research and allow them to do so while they also dedicate time to the firm’s applied agenda. We show that this decision maximizes firms’ profits in a context where basic and applied research activities are not strong substitutes and the opportunity cost, associated with deterring scientists from remaining in academia, is sufficiently low. Allowing scientists to pursue an academic agenda facilitates participation. When scientists are privately informed about their ’taste for science’, the contract requires that the more academically driven scientists dedicate greater attention to their personal agenda to satisfy incentive compatibility. When the reservation utility is weakly correlated with the scientist’s academic inclination, this restriction has no impact and the first best contract remains optimal. But as the correlation increases, the firms tend to select less academically driven scientists. Under-investment in basic research is not triggered by the need to reduce informational rents which are non-existent as scientists face countervailing incentives. Instead it arises from the need to curb the increased cost of efforts.

Keywords: Contract theory; Intrinsic motivation; Adverse selection; Countervailing incentives (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D82 D86 J31 J33 M31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cta and nep-mic
Date: 2018-01
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http://hdl.handle.net/10197/9186 First version, 2018 (application/pdf)

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