Economics at your fingertips  

Health Spending and Public Pension: Evidence from Panel Data

Yonghong An, Kai Zhao () and Rong Zhou
Additional contact information
Rong Zhou: University of Connecticut

No 2014-27, Working papers from University of Connecticut, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper empirically investigates the determinants of aggregate health expenditure in a panel of OECD countries from 1980-2005. We differ from most existing studies by testing some new determinants motivated by recent theoretical advances in the literature. We find that a one percentage increase in public pension payments per elderly person leads to approximately a 1=3 percentage increase in aggregate health spending, and this effect is significant and robust across a variety of model speci cations. A back of the envelope calculation based on this estimate suggests that the expansion of the public pension program on average accounts for approximately over one fifth of the rise in aggregate health expenditure as a share of GDP in the set of OECD countries during 1980-2005. In addition, we find that the estimated effect of GDP per capita in our model ranges from 0.66 to 0.80, which is consistent with the results from some recent studies, and thus further reinforces the finding in the literature that health care is not a luxury good. Finally, our results show that the political factors do not significantly affect aggregate health expenditure, though they have been found to be important for understanding public health spending in existing studies.

Keywords: Aggregate Health Expenditure; Public Pension; Labor Supply (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H51 I1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 31 pages
Date: 2014-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-hea and nep-pbe
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) Full text (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Health spending and public pension: evidence from panel data (2016) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working papers from University of Connecticut, Department of Economics University of Connecticut 365 Fairfield Way, Unit 1063 Storrs, CT 06269-1063. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Mark McConnel ().

Page updated 2022-06-26
Handle: RePEc:uct:uconnp:2014-27