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Las preferencias individuales por el proteccionismo en "economías pequeñas", ¿fundamento racional?

Natalia Melgar, Maximo Rossi () and Laura Rovegno ()
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Natalia Melgar: Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República

No 705, Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) from Department of Economics - dECON

Abstract: Even when the majority of economists agree on the benefits of free trade, everywhere we turn to, trade is restricted. In contexts where politicians offer different policy options and voters demand them based on their individual preferences, one may ask what determines personal preferences on trade policy; which economic, cultural, social elements shape them. The aim of this paper is to answer these questions in the case of economies with a small domestic market, given the relative small size of their population. In this paper we use data from the module on National Identity of the 2003 International Social Survey Program (ISSP), including in our sample countries with a population of around five million inhabitants or less. Based on an ordered probit model, we conclude that the evidence does not support the conclusions on preference formation of the modelo Hecksher-Ohlin trade model, while elements such as religion, political preferences, and nationalism, as well as demographic characteristics, have a significant impact on trade policy preferences.

Keywords: Preferencias; proteccionismo; economías pequeñas; racionalidad; ISSP. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D01 F13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 30 pages
Date: 2005-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dcm and nep-pol
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