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Socio-Economic Determinants of Hunger in Latin American Countries

Maximo Rossi (), Gastón Ares and Zuleika Ferre ()
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Maximo Rossi: Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República
Gastón Ares: Sensometrics & Consumer Science, Instituto Polo Tecnológico de Pando, Facultad de Química, Universidad de la República
Zuleika Ferre: Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República

No 1017, Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) from Department of Economics - dECON

Abstract: This paper studies the influence of socio-economic variables on hunger prevalence in 18 Latin American countries using the database of Latinobarometro survey, developed by Latinobarometro Corporation. With this objective we estimate an ordered probit model. The results show that on average, only 52% of respondents indicated that they had never experienced lack of enough food in the last 12 months, which suggests that hunger is still a relevant problem in the region. Large heterogeneity across countries was found. Although the percentage of people who often experienced lack of food only corresponded to 2% for the countries in the southern part of Latin America (Uruguay, Chile, Argentina and Brazil), it reached values higher than 10% for several countries in Central and North America (Honduras, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Mexico). These results indicate the need to implement public policies aimed at improving access to enough food in Latin America in order to achieve the goal of eradicating hunger by 2025 (FAO, 2015b).

Keywords: hunger; Latin America; Latinobarometro; access to food (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I31 I32 O54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-dev and nep-lam
Date: 2017-11
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ude:wpaper:1017

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