Polarization and the Middle Class
Fernando Borraz (),
Nicolás Gonzalez Pampillón () and
Maximo Rossi ()
Additional contact information
Nicolás Gonzalez Pampillón: Universidad de Montevideo
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Nicolás González-Pampillón ()
No 2011, Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) from Department of Economics - dECON
There is an increasing literature that discusses how to measure the middle class. Some approaches are based on an arbitrary deÖnition such as income quartiles or the poverty line. Recently, Foster and Wolfson developed a methodology which lacks of arbitrariness that enables us to compare the middle class of two di§erent income distributions. We apply this new tool jointly with a complementary method ñrelative distribution approach- to household income data in 1994-2004 and 2004-2010, to analyze the evolution of the middle class and polarization in Uruguay. During the Örst period, which is characterized by an increasing income inequality, we Önd that the middle class declined and income polarization increased. In the second one, where the Uruguayan economy experienced a recovery from the downturn su§ered in 2002, we Önd that the middle class rose and polarization decreased. However, this last result is attenuated when we do not consider the household income imputation because of the new health system implemented in 2008.
Keywords: income polarization; middle class; inequality; social policies; bipolarization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D3 D6 I3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lam, nep-ltv and nep-pol
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://cienciassociales.edu.uy/departamentodeecono ... 13/archivos/2011.pdf (application/pdf)
Journal Article: Polarization and the Middle Class in Uruguay (2013)
Working Paper: Polarization and the Middle Class (2011)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ude:wpaper:2011
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) from Department of Economics - dECON Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Andrea Doneschi ().