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Zooming in: From Aggregate Volatility to Income Distribution

César Calderón and Eduardo Levy Yeyati
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Eduardo Levy Yeyati () and Cesar A. Calderon ()

Business School Working Papers from Universidad Torcuato Di Tella

Abstract: In contrast with a growing literature on the drivers of aggregate volatility in developing countries, its consequences in terms of individual incomes have received less attention. This paper looks at the impact of cyclical output fluctuations and extreme output events (crises) on unemployment, poverty and inequality. We find robust evidence that aggregate volatility has a regressive, asymmetric and non linear impact, as reflected in the strong influence of extreme output drops. Our test shows that, in addition to the mitigating role of personal wealth, public expenditure and labor protection exert a similar benign effect. These findings are in line with the income substitutions view of social safety nets, and cast a new light on the value of social programs and labor market regulation in crisis prone developing countries.

Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2007
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Working Paper: Zooming in: from aggregate volatility to income distribution (2009) Downloads
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Handle: RePEc:udt:wpbsdt:2007-03