EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Ethnic Identities, Public Spending and Political Regimes

Sugata Ghosh and Anirban Mitra ()

Studies in Economics from School of Economics, University of Kent

Abstract: Do democracies discriminate less against minorities as compared to non-democracies? How does the dominance of an ethnic group affect discrimination under various political regimes? We build a theory which tries to answer such questions. In our model, political leaders (democratically elected or not) decide on the allocation of spending on different types of public goods: a general public good and an ethnically-targetable public good which benefits the majority ethnic group while imposing a cost on the other minorities. We show that, under democracy, lower ethnic dominance leads to greater provision of the general public good while higher dominance implies higher provision of the ethnically-targetable good. Interestingly, the opposite relation obtains under dictatorship. This implies that political regime changes can favour or disfavour minorities based on the ambient level of ethnic dominance. Several historical events involving regime changes can be analysed within our framework and are consistent with our results.

Keywords: Ethnic identities; Discrimination; Public spending; Political regimes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 D74 H40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-hrm and nep-lma
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.kent.ac.uk/economics/repec/1909.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Ethnic Identities, Public Spending and Political Regimes (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Ethnic Identities, Public Spending and Political Regimes (2019) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ukc:ukcedp:1909

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Studies in Economics from School of Economics, University of Kent School of Economics, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7FS.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Tracey Girling ().

 
Page updated 2021-04-21
Handle: RePEc:ukc:ukcedp:1909