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The provisions on closer co-operation in the treaty of Amsterdam: The politics of flexibility in the European Union

Eric Philippart and Geoffrey Edwards

ULB Institutional Repository from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Abstract: The provisions on closer co-operation are the main conceptual and procedural innovation introduced by the Treaty of Amsterdam. This article examines the philosophy of the new system through a systematic review of the methods and the underlying principles. It then discusses the meaning and implications of this general mechanism of flexibility for the EU integration process. * We would like to thank among others Alan Dashwood, Christian Deubner, Claus Ehlerman, Jörg Monar and Jean-Victor Louis for the part they have played in discussions on flexibility. We are also indebted to Alexander Stubb for his comments. This research was made possible thanks to the Philippe Wiener and Maurice Anspach Foundation.

Date: 1999-03
Note: SCOPUS: ar.j
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Published in: Journal of common market studies (1999) v.37 n° 1,p.87-108

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