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Where the economics of personal income tax reforms meet political constraints

Micael Castanheira ()

ULB Institutional Repository from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Abstract: Taxation is a fundamental policy instrument in the hands of governments. Yet, it is often used inefficiently. Improving taxation requires reforms, but reforms are often blocked. This article reviews the literature to identify three crucial aspects of Personal Income Taxation (PIT). First, what key features should PIT satisfy to minimize economic distortions? Second, how do political economy forces actually shape PIT, and how does that differ from the efficient scheme? Third, how can a policymaker actually gain strong political support to address existing distortions?

Keywords: Personal income tax; Political economy; Taxation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
Note: SCOPUS: ar.j
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Published in: Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique (2014) v.53 n° 1,p.87-111

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