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Performance of the ROX index to predict intubation in immunocompromised patients receiving high-flow nasal cannula for acute respiratory failure

Virginie Lemiale, Guillaume Dumas, Alexandre Demoule, Frédéric Pène, Achille Kouatchet, Magali Bisbal, Saad Nseir, Laurent Argaud, Loay Kontar, Kada Klouche, François Barbier, Amélie Seguin, Guillaume Louis, Jean Michel Constantin, Julien Mayaux, Florent Wallet, Vincent Peigne, Christophe Girault, Johanna Oziel, Martine Nyunga, Nicolas Terzi, Lila Bouadma, Alexandre Lautrette, Naike Bige, Jean Herle Raphalen, Laurent Papazian, Fabrice Bruneel, Christine Lebert, Dominique Benoit, Anne-Pascale Meert, Samir Jaber, Djamel Mokart, Michael Darmon and Elie Azoulay

ULB Institutional Repository from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Abstract: Background: Delayed intubation is associated with high mortality. There is a lack of objective criteria to decide the time of intubation. We assessed a recently described combined oxygenation index (ROX index) to predict intubation in immunocompromised patients. The study is a secondary analysis of randomized trials in immunocompromised patients, including all patients who received high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC). The first objective was to evaluate the accuracy of the ROX index to predict intubation for patients with acute respiratory failure. Results: In the study, 302 patients received HFNC. Acute respiratory failure was mostly related to pneumonia (n = 150, 49.7%). Within 2 (1–3) days, 115 (38.1%) patients were intubated. The ICU mortality rate was 27.4% (n = 83). At 6 h, the ROX index was lower for patients who needed intubation compared with those who did not [4.79 (3.69–7.01) vs. 6.10 (4.48–8.68), p

Keywords: Acute respiratory failure; High-flow nasal oxygen; Immunocompromised (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-12
Note: SCOPUS: ar.j
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Published in: Annals of intensive care (2021) v.11 n° 1

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