High-speed rail and air transport competition in Western Europe: A supply-oriented perspective
ULB Institutional Repository from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles
Increasingly air transport growth raises the question of its impact on the environment. Public authorities and researchers are relying more and more on high-speed trains (HSTs), whose efficiency is supposed to lead to a modal shift from airplanes. However, most transport studies focus on the evolution of demand rather than supply, although it is basically the latter that determines environmental damage. In light of this fact, this paper aims to compare the overall dynamics in the supply of air transport in Europe compared to the HST supply and to examine empirically five city-pairs. The development of high-speed rail remains limited compared to the increase of air services. For a given city-pair, the decline in the number of flights depends on various conditions, including length of the HST journey and the strategies adopted by the airlines. Some carriers reduce their supply in terms of the number of seats but increase the number of flights in order to compete more effectively with the HSTs. Moreover, the competition between low-cost airlines and HSTs should be kept in mind and re-examined in a few years.
Keywords: High-speed train; High-speed rail; Air transport; Intermodal comp (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-eur and nep-ure
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (76) Track citations by RSS feed
Published in: Transport policy (2011) v.18 n° 6,p.870-879
There are no downloads for this item, see the EconPapers FAQ for hints about obtaining it.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/96164
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://hdl.handle.ne ... ulb.ac.be:2013/96164
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in ULB Institutional Repository from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Benoit Pauwels ().