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A Cliometric Reading of the Development of Primary Education in France in the Nineteenth Century

Claude Diebolt (), Magali Jaoul-Grammare and Faustine Perrin ()

Working Papers of BETA from Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg

Abstract: The objective of this article is to study the links between the financing of primary education, schooling and economic growth in France in the nineteenth century. To do so, we use information on the financing allocated by the state, the departments, the municipalities, and households over the period 1820–1913. Our analysis is in two stages. First, we analyse the evolution of these different types of financing over time, relying on the outliers’ methodology to detect the existence of possible breaks in the series. Next, we study the causal relationships between the different types of financing, the number of children enrolled in primary education and the gross domestic product. Over the period studied, our results confirm that mass schooling is first driven by political will, after which it can be funded by increasing wealth in the economy.

Keywords: Primary education; Financing; Nineteenth century; France. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H52 I24 N33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro and nep-his
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