University supply expansion and Inequality of Opportunity of Access. The case of Uruguay
Luciana Méndez Errico ()
No 18-13, Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) from Instituto de Economia - IECON
This paper examines whether opportunity of access to public university has improved over the period 2008 to 2013 in Uruguay; in which an important territorial expansion of the public university supply, historically located in Montevideo (the capital of Uruguay), to other regions of the country (named Interior) took place. For this purpose, an opportunity index for access to university is elaborated; which combines in a single measure coverage to a certain opportunity (access to university), and the distribution of access between different groups of population conditional on their circumstances (a measure of inequality of opportunity). Results suggest that opportunities of access to University improved over the period; driven by an increase in the average coverage rate. However, inequality of opportunity of access worsens over the period, especially for the Interior, as new entries to university are relatively more from better-off socioeconomic family backgrounds than those from worse-off family backgrounds.
Keywords: Inequality of opportunity; University; Shapley decomposition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I23 I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-13-18
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