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Does Innovation Affect the Demand for Employment and Skilled Labor?

Adriana Peluffo ()

No 20-13, Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) from Instituto de Economia - IECON

Abstract: The objective of this work is to analyze the effect of innovation on labor demand, particularly, the level of employment and the skills composition of the labor force, in level and growth rates. Additionally, we analyze the ratio of skilled to unskilled labor and wages. The data for this study come from the Innovation Surveys for Uruguayan manufacturing and service firms over the 2000-2015 period matched with the Industrial Surveys of Economic Activity. We analyze the whole sample and each sector according to technological/knowledge intensity and firm size. Our results for ordinary least squares, instrumental variables, and generalized method of moments show positive effects of innovation in the level of total employment and skilled workers, its rate of growth, and wages. Product and Enhancing productivity innovation show positive impact on employment. Splitting by manufacturing firms we observe that product innovation affect growth in employment for high-tech firms while organizational innovation and productivity enhancing innovation affects growth in skilled labor with a greater effect for low-tech firms, while organizational innovation affects growth in skilled labor and in the share of skilled labor. Small manufacturing and service firms are less responsive to innovation. Growth in employment of service firms are affected mainly by organizational innovation and productivity enhancing innovation. Thus, enhancing productivity innovation and its component of organizational innovation seems to play an important role on employment growth.

Keywords: Employment; Skilled Labor; Product Innovation; Process Innovation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D2 J23 L1 O31 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 69 pages
Date: 2020-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-ent, nep-ino, nep-lma, nep-sbm, nep-tid and nep-ure
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