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Do Dictatorships Affect People's Long Term Beliefs and Preferences?: An Empirical Assessment of the Latin American Case

Matias Brum ()

No 18-18, Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) from Instituto de Economia - IECON

Abstract: Does the political regime experienced during youth have long lasting effects on political beliefs and preferences? I exploit time and country variation in political regimes in Latin America using data from the 1995 to 2010 Latinobarometer and find that exposure to non-democratic regimes during youth reduces subsequent preference for democracy, satisfaction with democracy and confidence in institutions. These results suggest exposure to dictatorships during formative years permanently eroded democratic values. Exposure to non-democratic regimes also aspects self-location in an ideology scale, reducing identification with the Right and increasing identification with the Left; which suggests dictatorships also shaped the political orientation of voters.

Keywords: Dictatorships; preference formation; Latin America (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 P16 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 51 pages
Date: 2018-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lam and nep-pol
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-18-18

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