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Agrarian Structures, Urbanization and Inequality

Cem Oyvat ()

Working Papers from Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Abstract: This study examines the impact of agrarian structures on income inequality over the long run. High land inequality increases income Gini coefficients in the urban sector as well as the rural sector, not only by creating congestion in the urban subsistence sector, but also by feeding the growth of the urban reserve army of labor, which pulls down the wages in the urban capitalist sector. An econometric analysis shows that the impact of initial land ownership distribution on both national and urban income distribution can persist for decades.

Keywords: distribution; urbanization; informality; development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O15 Q15 I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-pke and nep-ure
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Journal Article: Agrarian Structures, Urbanization, and Inequality (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Agrarian Structures, Urbanization, and Inequality (2016) Downloads
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