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The effect of grade retention on secondary school performance: Evidence from a natural experiment

Maria Ferreira Sequeda (), Bart Golsteyn () and Sergio Parra Cely
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Sergio Parra Cely: General Economics 0 (Onderwijs)

No 3, ROA Research Memorandum from Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA)

Abstract: We study the effects of grade retention on secondary school performance by considering a change in Colombia’s educative legislation. In 2010, the rule that forced schools to retain up to a 5% of students was abolished. Exploiting variation in schools’ retention rates in a difference-in-differences framework, we find that retained (marginally non-retained) students improve (decline) their performance on language but not on math test scores. We suggest the school’s position in the retention distribution, and the proportion of inexperienced teachers in the classroom, can be the mechanisms by which the marginally decreasing returns of grade retention are determined.

Keywords: retention; Colombia; difference-in-differences (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 I24 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-knm and nep-ure
Date: 2018
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Related works:
Working Paper: The Effect of Grade Retention on Secondary School Performance: Evidence from a Natural Experiment (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The Effect of Grade Retention on Secondary School Performance: Evidence from a Natural Experiment (2018) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:unm:umaror:2018003

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