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Temperate climate - Innovative outputs nexus

Mario Coccia ()

No 88, MERIT Working Papers from United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT)

Abstract: Technological change is a vital human activity that interacts with geographic factors and environment. The purpose of the study here is to analyse the relationship between geo-climate zones of the globe and technological outputs in order to detect favourable areas that spur higher technological change and, as a consequence, human development. The main finding is that innovative outputs are higher in geographical areas with a temperate climate latitudes. In fact, warm temperate climates are favourable environments for human societies that, by a long-run process of adaptation and learning, create platforms of institutions and communications systems, infrastructures, legal systems, economic governance and socio-economic networks that support inventions and diffusion of innovations. The linkages between observed facts show the vital geo-climate sources of fruitful patterns of the technological innovation and economic growth.

Keywords: Economic Development; Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights; Regional Economic Activity; Economic Growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O10 O30 R11 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env, nep-geo and nep-gro
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