Labour mobility through business visits as a way to foster productivity
Mariacristina Piva (),
Max Tani and
Marco Vivarelli ()
No 4, MERIT Working Papers from United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT)
The aim of this paper is to investigate the productivity impact of business visits, relative to traditional drivers of productivity enhancement, namely capital formation and R&D. To carry out the analysis, we combine unique and novel data on business visits sourced from the U.S. National Business Travel Association with OECD data on R&D and capital formation. The resulting unbalanced panel covers on average 16 sectors per year in 10 countries during the period 1998-2011 (2,262 observations). Our results suggest that mobility through business visits is an effective mechanism to improve productivity. The estimated effect is about half as large as investing in R&D, supporting viewing business visits as a form of long-term investment rather than pure consumption expenditure. In a nutshell, our outcomes support the need to recognise the private and social value of business mobility.
Keywords: Business visits; labour mobility; knowledge; R&D; productivity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O32 O33 O34 J24 D83 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff, nep-hrm, nep-ino and nep-tid
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:unm:unumer:2017004
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