Living beyond $2 a day: How Indonesia has progressed
Arief Anshory Yusuf () and
Irlan Adiyatma Rum ()
Additional contact information
Arief Anshory Yusuf: Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University
Irlan Adiyatma Rum: Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University
No 201607, UNPAD SDGs Working Paper Series from Center for Sustainable Development Goals Studies, Universitas Padjadjaran
Using a long series of household level survey data and more information on regional variation in the poor's living cost and inflation, we estimated the proportion of people living below 2005 PPP $2 a day. We found that for the period of 1990 to 2012, the $2 poverty incidence has been declining at an average rate of 2.2% per year leaving only 36.5% in 2012. The rate of the decline in the last ten years (or reformasi era, 2002-2012) has been faster (2.9% a year) than during the pre-reformasi era or the period of 1990-1996 (1.4% a year). This is in contrast to a rather slow rate of the decline in the poverty incidence with national poverty line during the reformasi era which was only 0.65% a year. We also found thatthe $2 poverty has been more concentrated among informal labor and agricultural workers. The difference between $2 poverty incidence in formal and informal labor was larger during the reformasiera, a sign that the informal labor has been rather left behind. During the reformasi era, the economic growth was a lot more income-inequalizing and a lot less pro-poor relative to growth during the period before the reformasiera. This applies to both the poor defined as those living below national poverty line or those living below $2 a day.
Keywords: poverty; $2 per day; Indonesia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-06, Revised 2016-06
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://sdgcenter.unpad.ac.id/paper/201607.pdf First version, 2016 (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:unp:sdgspp:201607
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in UNPAD SDGs Working Paper Series from Center for Sustainable Development Goals Studies, Universitas Padjadjaran Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Arief Anshory Yusuf ().